1. LON-CAPA-Logo
  2. Hilfe
  3. Anmelden
 

[-Home-] Roots: M


Back to Index
macr-
large (macranthus = large-flowered)
macul-
referring to a spot (maculatus)
magellan-
referring to the area of the Straits of Maggellan (magellanica)
magn-
big, magnificent (magnificus / magnimama = big mama, actually mammary glands, the protuberances on a species of Mammillaria)
maj-
major, larger (major / majus)
majal-
referring to the month of May (flowering) (majalis)
malabar-
referring to an area of India (malabaricum)
malac-
soft (Malacocarpus = soft-fruited) (malacodendron = soft + tree)
malv-
referring to the genus Malva, the Mallow (malvacea)
mamm-
referring to breasts or nipples (mammifera = breast- bearing breasts or nipples) (Mammillaria, a great genus of cactus, because all the bodies of the plants bear many nipple-like protuberances)
manic-
referring to a covering of dense hairs, a sleeve (manicata)
margin-
referring to a margin (marginalis)
mariland-
referring to Maryland (marilandica)
marin-
referring to the sea marinum)
marit-
referring to the seashore (maritima)
marm-
marbled, marbled (marmoratus / marmoreum)
mas
male - usually referring to robustness of the plant, rather than sex of the flowers -- sexist!
maurit-
referring to North Africa (mauritania)
maxim-
largest (maxima)
maxil-
referring to a jaw (maxillaris
medul-
referring to marrow, the center, the pith (medullaris)
mega-
large (megacarpa = large-fruited / megalanthus = large-flowered)
mela-
black (Melaleuca = black (trunk) + white (branches))
mel- / mell-
referring to honey (melliodora = honey-scented) (Melianthus = honey flower)
-meles
referring to an apple, or any fruit (Chaenomeles = split + fruit)
melo-
referring to a melon (meloformis = melon shaped)
men-
referring to a month and, by extension, the moon (Menispermum = moon seed)
menisc-
referring to a crescent (meniscifolius = crescent- shaped foliage)
-mer(...)
referring to parts (trimera = three parts)
merid-
referring to noon (meridionalis = mid-day bloomer)
mes-
mixed, middle (Mesembryanthemum = mid-day flower)
metr-
referring to the center (heart) of an entity (Metroxylon = heartwood)
mica-
referring to mica, glittering (micans)
mic-
referring to mica or glitter (micans)
mille-
referring to the number 1000 or a very large number (millefolius = very many leaves)
mim-
referring to a mime (Mimosa, because of the closing up of the leaflets in many species - also Mimulus, because the flowers are supposedly similar to grinning faces - by extension, a monkey or an ape: Mimusops = like a monkey)
minax
forbidding, threatening (like thorns)
miniat-
of a reddish color (miniata)
minim-
very small (minimus)
minor / minus
smaller
minut-
very small (minutus)
mirab-
wonderful (Mirabilis, the Four-O'Clock genus)
misc-
referring to a stem (Miscanthus = stem flower)
mitis
mild, gentle, unarmed
mitr-
referring to a turban, mitre (mitrocarpus = mitre-shaped fruit)
modest-
modest, unaffected, usually means unadorned (modesta)
moldav-
referring to Rumania (moldavicus)
moll-
soft (hairy) (mollis / mollissima / molle)
molucc-
referring to the East Indies
mon-
referring to the number one (Monanthes = single-flowered) (monophylla = one leaf)
monil-
referring to necklace (monilifera = necklace-bearing)
monst-
monstrous, abnormal (Monstera, because of the unusual, cut leaves)
mont-
referring to a mountain (montanus)
monti-
referring to mts. (monticolus)
mor-
referring to the genus Morus, the mulberry
-mord(...)
to bite (Momordica, referring to the appearance of the seeds)
-morph(...)
referring to form (polymorpha = many forms / callimorphum = beautifully-formed)
mosch-
referring to musk (odor) (Moschosma = musk-like odor / moschata)
mucron-
referring to a point (usually in shape of leaf) (mucronatus)
multi-
many (multiflora = many-flowered / multicaulis = many-trunked)
munit-
referring to defense (with thorns, prickles, etc.) (munitus)
mura-
referring to a wall (muralis)
muric-
rough, knobby (muricata)
mus- / myos-
referring to a mouse (Myosotis = mouse ear - the Forget -Me-Not genus, in reference to the mousy leaves
musc-
referring to musk (Muscari, because of the musky odor of the flowers of M. moschatum) ALSO referring to a fly (muscivorus = fly-eating)
mutab-
referring to change, variability (mutabilis)
mutic-
blunt (mutica)
myr-
referring to myrrh (Myristica, the nutmeg genus, because of the odor)
myri-
numberless, too many to count, myriad (Myriocephalus = with a myriad of heads)
myrmec-
referring to ants (myrmecophilus = beloved of ants)
myrt-
referring to the myrtle genus, Myrtus (Myrtillocactus = myrtle-berried cactus) myrtifolia = myrtle-leaved)

Back to Index
Last updated on 10/14/94