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CHRONOLOGY OF CODES OF BOTANICAL NOMENCLATURE

Ronald H. Petersen

1751. Linnaeus, "Philosophia Botanica."

1867. Alphonse de Candolle, "Lois," promulgated to Paris Congress.

1868. Publication of "Lois" in English (Amer. J. Sci. II 46: 63-74).

1891. Part I of Otto Kuntze's "Revision Genera Plantarum," with introduction of alternative starting dates of 1735 (1737) versus 1753.

1892. August 18-23. Rochester meeting of Botanical Club, AAAS. Adoption of "Rochester Code." (Bot. Gaz. for October: report of Rochester meeting).

1892. September 4-11. Genoa Congress. ("Ist" International Botanical Congress). Adopted Berlin proposals and restated De Candolle's "Lois")

1893. AAAS meeting at Madison, WI. (Amer. Nat. 27: 822-828. 1893)

1892-1900. Editorials and publications against American system.

1900. Paris Congress ("2nd" International Congress). [Took no action; referred nomenclature to Vienna Congress]

1901. New edition of Berlin proposals (Bull. Assoc. Fr. Bot.)

1903. AAAS meeting, Washington. [Appointed a nomenclature committee]

1904. AAAS meeting, Philadelphia. [Adopted Committee report into the "Philadelphia Code"] (Bull. Torrey Bot. Club)

1905. Vienna Congress.

1906. Publication of Vienna Code (J. Bot. 44, Supple.: 1-23)

1907. "American Code" recommended by AAAS commission (Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 34: 167-178)

1910. Brussels Congress ("3rd" International Congress). [Adopted and reinforced the Vienna Code with few exceptions.]

1915. [Proposed London Congress cancelled (WW I)]

1924. January. Nomenclature subcommittee recommendations published to Imperial Botanical Conference (J. Bot. XX: 79-81)

Imperial Botanical Conference

Report of resolutions of the Imperial Botanical Conference (J. Bot. XX: 243-244)

1926. 4th International Botanical, Congress, Ithaca, NY. [No nomenclatural session, but several papers.]

1930. 5th International Botanical Congress, Cambridge, UK. [Incorporated American Code and Vienna Code for the first time.]

1934. Publication of Cambridge Code (Briquet, Ed., Jena)

1935. Republication of the Cambridge Code (J. Bot. 72 supple.)

6th International Botanical Congress, Amsterdam. [Reinforced Cambridge proceedings.]

1947. Publication of Amsterdam Code.

1950. Spring. Utrecht symposium on nomenclature. "Botanical nomenclature and taxonomy: a symposium organized by the International Union of Biological Sciences at Utrecht," J. Lanjouw, Ed. (Chron. Bot. 12: 1-88. "1948/49" 1950)

1950. July. 7th International Botanical Congress, Stockholm

1952. Publication of Stockholm code (Regn. Veget. 3: 228 p. 1952)

1954. January. The Geneva conference on botanical nomenclature and genera plantarum. (Regn. Veget. 5: 60 p. 1954)

Recueil synoptique des propositions concernant de Code International de la Nomenclature Botanique. J. Lanjouw, Ed. (Regn. Veget. 4: 124 p.1954)

July, 8th International Botanical Congress, Paris

1956. Publication of Paris Code (Regn. Veget. 8: 338 p. 1956)

1959. Synopsis of proposals concerning the International Code ... submitted to the Ninth International Congress, Montreal. (Regn. Veget. 14: 84 p.1959)

1960. Publication of report of nomenclature sessions at Montreal Congress (Regn. Veget. 20: 116 p. 1960)

1961. Publication of Montreal Code (Regn. Veget. XX: 361 p. 1961)

1964. Synopsis of proposals concerning the Tenth International Botanical Congress, Edinburgh. (Regn. Veget. 30: 68 p. 1964)

1966. Report of nomenclature session, Edinburgh Congress (Regn. Veget. 44: 75 p. 1966)

Publication of Edinburgh Code (Regn. Veget. 46: 402 p. 1966)

1969. Synopsis of proposals on botanical nomenclature [Seattle] (Regn. Veget. 60: 124 p. 1969)

1972. Publication of Seattle Code (Regn. Veget. 82: 426 p. 1972)

1975. Synopsis of proposals on botanical nomenclature [Leningrad] (Taxon 24: 201-254)

1978. Publication of Leningrad Code (Regn. Veget. 97: 457 p. 1978)

1980. Synopsis of proposals on botanical nomenclature (Sydney). Unpublished: circulated privately.

1982. Report on nomenclature session, Sydney Congress (Englera 2: 124 p. "1981")

1983. Publication of Sydney Code (Regn. Veget. 111: 472 p. 1983)

1987. Synopsis of proposals on botanical nomenclature (Berlin). (Taxon 36: 174-281. 1987)

1988. Publication of Berlin Code (Regn. Veget. 118: 328 pp. 1988)

1993. Synopsis of proposals on botanical nomenclature (Tokyo). (Taxon 42:191-272. 1993)

Report on nomenclature session, Yokohama, 1993. (Englera 14: 265 p. 993)

Names in Current Usage. 1. [family names]. (Regn. Veget. 127: 196 pp. 1993)

Names in Current Usage. 2. (Regn. Veget. 128: 150 pp. 1993)

Names in Current Usage. 3. (Regn. Veget. 129: 1464 pp. 1993)

1994. Publication of Tokyo Code (Regn. Veget. 131: 389 pp. 1994)

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