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Original URL: http://www.sjsu.edu/depts/Museum/aamenu.html

The History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology: A Culturally Affirming View

Alphabetical Listing of Scientists

| A-B | C-D | E-F | G-H | I-J | K-L | M-N |
|
O-P | Q-R | S - T | U-V | W-X | Y-Z |


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Updated June, 1999

 


A - B
  • Al-Khwarizmi, Muhammad
    (around 770), Mathematics, Persia
    Mathematician - algebra
  • Alvarez, Luis
    (1911- ) Physics, United States of America
    Liquid hydrogen bubble chamber.
  • Armstrong, Neil
    (1930 - ) Astronaut, United States of America
    First man to walk on the moon.
  • Avicenna
    (980 - 1037) Chemistry
    Early chemist or alchemist
  • Babbage, Charles
    (1792 - 1871) Mathematics, England
    Inventor of the first digital computer.
  • Bacon, Roger
    (1220-1292) Mathematics, England
    He was an early advocate for "the scientific method".
  • Bailey, Liberty
    (1858 - 1954) Botany, United States of America
    He helped to establish horticulture as an academic discipline.
  • Bell, Alexander Graham
    (1847 - 1922) Technology, Scotland
    Inventor of the telephone.
  • Berthelot, Marcelin
    (1827 - 1907) Chemistry, France
    Research into the properties of alcohols and acids.
  • Blackwell, Elizabeth
    (1821-1910) Medicine, United States of America
    First woman doctor in the United States of America.
  • Bluford, Guion
    (1942-) Astronaut, United States of America
    First Black astronaut in space.
  • Bohr, Niels
    (1885 - 1962) Physics, Holland
    Theoretical work in nuclear physics.
  • Boole, George
    (1815-1964) Mathematics, England
    Invented Boolean algebra
  • Brache, Tycho
    (1546 - 1601)
    Planetary motion.
  • Bunsen, Robert
    (1811 - 1899) Chemistry, Germany
    Experimental chemistry.
  • Burbank, Luther
    (1849-1926) Botanist, United States of America
    Plant genetics.

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C - D

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E - F

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G - H
  • Gagarin, Yury
    (1934 - 1968) Astronaut, Russia
    First man in space.
  • Galileo, Galilei
    (1564 - 1642) One of the inventors of the telescope.
  • Goodall, Jane
    (1934 - )
    Animal behavior studies
  • Hamilton, Alice
    (1869 - 1970) Medicine, United States of America
    Established the field of industrial medicine.
  • Haro, Guillermo
    (1913 - 1988)
    Astronomer
  • Harriot, Thomas
    (1560 - 1613) Physics, England
    Laws of Optics
  • Harvey, William
    (1578 - 1657)
    Circulatory system.
  • Hawking, Stephen
    (1942 - ) Astronomy
    Contributions in astronomy include concepts associated with black holes.
  • Henson, Matthew
    (1886 - 1955)
    Polar exploration
  • Henry, Joseph
    (1797 - 1878)
    Founder the Academy of Sciences
  • Hippocrates
    (460 - 377 BC), Greece
    Contributions in medicine.
  • Hodgkin, Dorothy C.
    (1910 - 1947) Chemistry
    Work in crystallography
  • Hopper, Grace
    (1870 - 1992) Mathematics, United States of America
    Pioneer in the area of computer development.
  • Hoffman, Felix
    (1867 - 1931) Chemistry, Germany
    Discoverer of aspirin
  • Hubble, Edwin
    (1889 - 1953) Astronomy, United States
    Classification of galaxies
  • Hyde, Ida
    (1854 - 1945) Medicine, United States of America
    Inventor of the microelectrode.
  • Hypatia
    (370 - 415) Mathematics, Greece
    Neoplatonic school in Alexandria, believed to be first woman scientist.

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I- J

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K - L
  • Kaufman, Joyce
    (1929 - ) Chemist, United States of America
    Three-dimensional quantum chemical calculations.
  • Kelvin, William
    (1824-1907) Physics, Ireland
    Work in thermodynamics.
  • Kepler, Johannes
    (1571 - 1630) Physics, Germany
    Studies of planetary motion.
  • King, Mary-Claire
    (1946 - )
    Genetic mapping
  • Koch, Robert
    (1843-1910) Bacteriology, Germany
    Founder of field of bacteriology.
  • Kovaleskaya, Sofia
    (1856-1891), Mathematics, Russia
    Differential equations
  • LaFlesche, Susan
    (1854 - 1903) Medicine, United States of America
    Founder of field of culturally syntonic medicine.
  • Lamme, Bertha
    (1869 - 1954) Engineering, United States of America
    Theory and design or motors and generators.
  • Latimer, Lewis
    (1848 - 1928) Physics, United States of America
    Carbon filament for the electric light bulb.
  • Leavitt, Henrietta
    (1868 - 1921) Astronomy, United States of America
    Photographic magnitude of stars.
  • LeConte, Joseph
    (1823 - 1901), Field Biology, United States of America
    Founder of Sierra Club
  • Lim, Robert Kho-Seng
    (1897 - 1969) Physiologist, Singapore
    Nerve receptors are chemosensitive.
  • Lister, Joseph
    (1827 - 1912) Medicine, England
    Germ theory of disease.
  • Lovelace, Ada
    (1815 - 1852)
    Mathematician - analytical engine
  • Lovelock, James
    (1919 - ) Astronomy, England
    Gaia Hypothesis
  • Lyell, Charles
    (1797 - 1875) Geology, Scotland
    Principles of geology.

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M - N
  • Maury, Antonia
    (1866 - 1952) Physics, United States of America
    Spectral analysis of northern stars.
  • Mayer, Maria
    (1906 - 1992)
    Quantum mechanics.
  • McClintock, Barbara
    (1902 - 1995) Biology, United States of America
    Behavior of chromosomes - jumping genes.
  • Mendel, Gregor
    (1922 - 1884) Medicine, Czech Republic
    Genetics research.
  • Mitchell, Maria
    (1818 - 1889)
    Astronomer
  • Muir, John
    (1838 - 1914)
    Conservationist
  • Nash, John
    (1928 - ) Mathematics, United States of America
    Theory of algebraic varieties
  • Newton, Issac
    (1643 - 1727)
    Laws of Motion
  • Noyce, Robert
    (1927 - 1990) United States of America
    Integrated circuit

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O - P
  • Oppenheimer, Robert
    (1904 - 1967) Physics, United States of America
    Developer of atomic bomb.
  • Pascal, Blaise
    (1623 - 1662) Mathematics, France
    Developer of adding machine.
  • Peebles, Florence
    (1874 - 1956) Biologist, United States of America
    Hydra regeneration experiments.
  • Perlmann, Gertrude
    (1912 - 1974) Biochemistry, Czechoslovakia
    Protein chemistry - phosphate containing proteins.
  • Planck, Max
    (1858 - 1947) Physics, Germany
    Quantum theory.

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Q - R
  • Reed, Walter
    (1851-1902) Medicine, United States of America
    Yellow fever research.
  • Ride, Sally
    (1951 - ) Physics, United States of America
    1st American woman in space
  • Rubin, Vera
    (1928 - )
    Dark matter

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S - T
  • Sabin, Albert
    (1906 - ) Medicine, Russia
    Polio vaccine
  • Sagan, Carl
    (1934 - 1996)
    Astronomer, author of Cosmos
  • Salk, Jonas
    (1914 - 1996) Medicine, United States of America
    Polio vaccine development.
  • Seaborg, Glenn
    (1912 - 1999) Physics, United States of America
    Discovered 10 transuranium elements
  • Shepard, Alan
    (1923-) Astronaut, United States of America
    First American in space.
  • Teller, Edward
    (1908 - ) Physics, Hunary
    Manhattan project
  • Tereshkova, Valentina
    (1937-) Astronaut, Russia
    First woman in space.
  • Tesla, Nicola
    (1856 - )
    Induction motor
  • Tsai Lun
    (circa 105 AD), Chemistry
    Credited with invention of paper.

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U - V
  • Uhlenbeck, Karen
    (1942 - ) Mathematics, United States of America
    Work on partial differential equations

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W - X
  • Watt, James
    (1736 - 1819) Physics, Scotland
    Developed the steam engine.
  • Wright, Wilbur
    (1867 - 1912) Aerodynamics, United States of America
    First airplane flight
  • Wrinch, Dorothy
    (1894 - 1980) Chemistry, Argentina
    Specificity of gene residues in amino acids.
  • Wu, Chien-Shiung
    (1912 - 1997) Physics, China
    Parity conservation

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Y - Z
  • Yalow, Rosalyn
    (1921 - ) Physics, United States of America
    Radio immunoassay.
  • Zeno
    (circa 1515)
    Polar exploration

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Dr. Robertta H. Barba
College of Education
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